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We know the forestry and fencing world can be quite confusing and we understand that many customers looking to buy are not sure exactly what it is they need. Therefore we have put together this glossary to help you navigate the website and tell your paling from your post and rail...

CHAMFERED - This is the act of finishing a post - taking off the top edge to relieve tension in the wood and let rain run off.

CHESTNUT - All our fencing is made from locally coppiced Sweet Chestnut, which is well known as being incredibly strong, durable and long lasting without using chemical preservatives. Chestnut is full of tannin (a natural preservative) and has very little sapwood which makes it incredibly resistant to rotting.

CLEAVE -To cleave means to split the wood along it's natural grain - rather than sawing through the fibres. This helps to protect the strength and character of the tree.

COPPICING - When we talk about coppicing we are referring to the management of woodland. Coppicing is a traditional method which involves cutting back the woodland to stimulate new growth. The act of cutting an area of woodland lets light in, stimulating wild flowers and creating a habitat for our favourite birds, butterflies and mammals.

CORDWOOD - Cordwood is lengths of wood - usually 4ft long. However today, the word has come to be used to refer to lengths of firewood, which we have for sale at certain times of the year.

DEER PARK FENCING - A type of fencing made to discourage deer from leaping over. Tops are uneven / staggered.

LATH - A lath is a very small profile cleft strip of wood, traditionally used in buildings for holding plaster. In fencing it refers to the smaller component of a lath and picket fence.

MIXED CLEFT - Mixed cleft means that the wood has been split along the grain rather than sawn and could be in halves, quarters or round shapes.

MOBILE SAW MILL - A large machine used for sawing wood. We can bring our mill to you to turn your trees into sawn boards and beams.

MORTISED - A mortise (or mortice) is a hole cut into the wood. When we say a gate or fence is mortised we mean that the wood goes through a hole to join it together, rather than being nailed. This is a traditional technique and significantly stronger than nail frames. Fences can be double mortised, with two holes. Examples of a mortise and a mortised frame gate can be seen below.

mortise mortisedframeavenburygate

NAIL FRAMED - Nail framed means the product is secured by nail frame. This is a lighter and cheaper alternative to mortised frame. (see above)

PALE - A wide picket is called a pale. Pales are loose, as opposed to paling, which is on wire. An example of a pale can be seen below.


PALING - Paling is fencing made from pales. On a wire, with a girth of about 4 inches.

PEELED - This simply means that the bark has been removed from the wood.

PICKET - Pickets are cleft in a 'slice of cake' profile - triangular in shape. An example of a picket can be seen below with its distinctive shape.


POST AND RAIL - Post and Rail is a fence made up of upright posts either nailed to rails or fitted through mortises.

TENON - A tenon is the end of a rail that goes through the hole (the mortise) Our tenons are tapered as opposed to shouldered, so they are stronger and more flexible.

UNPEELED - Unpeeled means the bark has been left on the wood.